° Evaluation of murmurs
° Evaluation of cough or trouble breathing
° Evaluation of exercise intolerance
° Breed screening for congenital heart disease (Suomen Kennelliitto)
° Diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart disease
° Breed screening for acquired heart disease (Pawpeds, Suomen Kennelliitto)
° Diagnosis and treatment of valvular heart disease
° Diagnosis and treatment of cardiomyopathy
° Management and treatment of congestive heart failure
° Diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmias
° Evaluation of and treatment for episodic weakness/syncope
° Diagnosis and treatment of hypertension
° Diagnosis and treatment of pericardial disease
° Geriatric evaluation
° Pre-anesthetic evaluation
What’s included in the price
° Consultation (short): a brief evaluation of the cardiovascular system with careful auscultation done from a specialist. This might be the case of an animal which is seen for other reason than cardiac but the referring veterinarian believes that there is a need for ruling out a cardiac involvement.
° Consultation (long): a deep specialized evaluation of the cardiovascular system focused to confirm the presence of cardiac signs previously discovered by the referring veterinarian. It always involves an auscultation and a thorax X-ray interpretation done by the cardiologist.
° Consultation and ECG: the electrocardiography is the elective additional exam to perform anytime the cardiac rhythm results abnormal at the auscultation. And, it is a useful tool for discovering predispositions to develop rhythm abnormalities in certain breeds.
° ECG, with other procedure: it is also an important test to perform before any kind of anesthesia, especially in geriatric patients.
° Clinical examination, auscultation, blood pressure measurement, < 30 min = blood pressure measurement is fundamental in any cardiac patient to investigate the presence of systemic hypertension, a common complication during cardiovascular diseases.
° Blood pressure measurement with some other procedure. Blood pressure measurement it is also important in case of patients with kidney disease, because this can cause systemic hypertension which affects the cardiac function as well.
° Echo examination, and blood pressure measurement. Echocardiography is possibly the most important tool in cardiology permitting to investigate abnormalities of morphology, dimension and kinetics of the different cardiac structures.
° 24-hour Holter monitor. This is a 24 hour ECG that is used to investigate cases where the patient is likely to have intermittent or persistent abnormalities of the heart rhythm that can cause syncope, weakness or even sudden cardiac death. It is also used as a test in some breeds of dogs (Boxer, Doberman) to investigate the presence of irregular heart beats that can occur in some forms of cardiomyopathy (disease of the heart muscle) even while the dog is having no symptoms. This test can also be used when we want to find out how effective is our anti-arrhythmic treatment. This is a non-invasive test where the ECG monitor is fixed to your dog's chest and is comfortable for most dogs. Your dog will be able to do some exercise while having the holter on.